When a dog is diagnosed with cancer, the diet that he or she consumes can have a significant impact on the quality and length of the dog’s lifespan. Choosing which foods to supply for their pets, on the other hand, can be a challenging process for pet parents.
Cancer, which can strike at any time and affect dogs at any stage of their lives, has an impact on their digestive functions at every stage. It is possible that the condition, as well as the numerous treatment alternatives, will lead to a shortage of saliva and the development of mouth ulcers as a result. It is conceivable that this medicine will cause adverse effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a loss of appetite. To put it another way, the overall quality of a dog’s life can be greatly diminished in some circumstances.
In their eagerness to comfort and show compassion to their cancer-stricken canine partner, some dog owners end up overfeeding their furry buddies. Others feed their dogs unhealthy commercial or home-cooked food, which is detrimental to their health and well-being. Both of these blunders have the potential to cause the dog to become ill or perhaps to encourage the development of cancer.
Because of this, it is vital to consult with a veterinarian, oncologist, or animal nutrition specialist to ensure that you are feeding your dog the proper food.
The internet, friends, and employees at big-box stores are all examples of unreliable resources when it comes to veterinary care. One of the most common mistakes I see owners make when it comes to veterinary care is relying on unreliable resources such as a veterinarian, oncologist, or veterinary nutritionist.
To remain alive, dogs suffering from cancer go through a series of intricate physiological changes that demand maintaining a precise nutritional balance. Even though some broad guidelines can be followed, dog parents should contact their veterinarian or another canine health care specialist to determine the best dog food for cancer patients for their specific scenario.
Metabolism Of Dogs With Cancer
When cancer-stricken dogs are receiving cancer treatment, their metabolism progresses through four distinct stages:
Phase 1: This is a preclinical study, which means that the dogs are not showing any visible signs of illness; nevertheless, there may be changes in some blood test markers as a result of the study. At this point in the development of cancer, there are no blood tests available that can be used to screen for and identify the disease at this point.
Phase 2: Dogs begin to show clinical signs of cancer at a young age and progress to a more advanced stage. Among the possible implications of this illness are lower activity levels, decreased appetite, and probable weight loss. Certain symptoms and signs that manifest themselves during this phase are the results of secondary effects of treatment like radiation, surgery, or chemotherapy.
Phase 3: A significant reduction in muscle mass and fat storage is thought to be caused by metabolic changes associated with cancer treatment and treatment side effects. Cancer cachexia is a term used to describe a considerable loss of body condition caused by cancer treatment that may be reversible if remission is achieved after treatment is completed.
Phase 4: During remission, changes take place. Metabolic abnormalities may persist even after cancer has been cured, making a full recovery more difficult. It is impossible to overestimate the importance of nutrition in the control of these metabolic changes in the body.
Cancer’s Impact on Dog Metabolism
Dog cancer researchers have known for a long time that the disease has an impact on the dog’s metabolism. In comparison to his healthy counterparts, the cancer-afflicted dog will ingest carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in a completely different manner from those of his healthy counterparts.
Cancer cachexia, which is described as an animal losing weight despite obtaining enough nutrition, is seen in the majority of canine cancer patients as well as in humans. Cancer cachexia is a common occurrence in cancer patients, especially in dogs. Cancer cachexia is thought to be at least as common among veterinary patients as it is among human patients because of the higher frequency of malignant disease among dogs than among humans. Cancer cachexia in dogs is associated with a decreased ability to respond to treatment as well as a shorter overall survival length in the case of cancer.
The University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine said that glucose metabolism is the metabolic process that has the most impact on the body’s metabolic processes and activities. A metabolic process known as anaerobic glycolysis is used by cancer cells to digest glucose from carbohydrates, resulting in the formation of lactate as a waste product. It will then take energy for the dog’s body to convert the lactate into a form that can be used by the body to maintain its metabolic functions. What were the ultimate ramifications of the circumstances? The dog, on the other hand, suffers a large loss of energy as a result of the tumor’s carbohydrate consumption, which is in contrast to the tumor’s carbohydrate consumption.
A dog who has not yet been diagnosed with cancer may be in grave danger as a result of this. What is the normal dog owner’s first reaction when his or her dog begins to lose weight? According to his regular operating procedure, he increases a dog’s daily food allowance; but, if the dog’s food is a standard dry kibble that contains a high concentration of carbohydrate-dense cereal grains, he ends up only giving more gasoline to the fire, to put it another way. However, the increase in the carbohydrate-rich diet does not affect the dog’s health, but it has a beneficial effect on his cancer.
When protein degradation outpaces protein synthesis in dogs suffering from cancer cachexia, a net loss of protein is noticed in the dog’s body, which adds significantly to his weight loss due to the loss of muscle mass. This is known as protein catabolism. Net protein loss leads to a decrease in cell-mediated and humoral immunity, as well as gastrointestinal function and wound healing, as well as a decrease in muscle mass.
In the opinion of Dr. Ogilvie, cancer cachexia is characterized by a depletion of body fat, which is broken down at a greater rate in cancer patients (as is protein). The intake of dietary fat appears to have no favorable effect on canine cancer tumors when compared with the ingestion of carbohydrates and protein in higher amounts. Fortunately, the dog’s capacity to use lipids as an energy source has not been hampered in any way.
One intriguing side effect of this metabolic shift appears to be that it appears to be permanent. The metabolic pathways of a dog with cancer continue to be altered even after the tumor has been removed from the body.
What Is An Anti-Cancer Dog Diet?
While there is disagreement among experts on the best approach to adopt when it comes to nutrition and cancer, all agree on one thing: you shouldn’t go at it alone. Your veterinarian and you must work together to establish a diet that is suited to your dog’s nutritional requirements, especially if your companion is undergoing any additional treatment, such as chemotherapy. Even nutritional supplementation is discouraged unless it has been approved by a medical specialist in advance of use.
The following are some of the foods that your practitioner may recommend that you try if he or she proposes that you try an adjusted diet by preparing your meals:
All of the components must be fresh and highly bioavailable in order to be effective. They must also be easily digestible and exceedingly tasty, having a good flavor and odor to attract the consumer’s attention.
The fact that many cancer patients endure nausea and vomiting as a result of their treatments or condition necessitates the feeding of these dogs in huge volumes.
Note: There are a variety of pharmacological appetite stimulants available to vets when it comes to keeping an inappetent dog eating. Anorexia and weight loss should be avoided at all costs, and every effort should be taken to do so. A veterinarian should consider “enteral” feeding for a cancer patient in a dog’s stomach, which can be accomplished through the use of a nasogastric tube (which passes through the dog’s nose and throat and into his stomach) or a gastrostomy tube (which is surgically placed in the dog’s stomach and emerges from the dog’s side). Although such measures are upsetting for the owner, they can be quite useful to the patient and are usually only transitory.
The countless studies linking common chemical pesticides and fertilizers to cancer, as well as reproductive and neurological damage, are widely known to holistic practitioners of all kinds, even though conventional veterinarians may be of the opposite opinion. Dr. Anne Reed, an alternative veterinarian in Oakland, California, suggests that her clients consume organic meat as part of their anticancer diets, which she believes is a good idea. According to her, it is only useful to feed your dog with food that is as clean as it possibly can be. ‘I assume that a canine cancer patient’s body would prefer not to cope with the pesticides, antibiotics, and extra germs that are typically found in nonorganic meat,’ says the author. In addition to fighting cancer, you don’t want their bodies to be forced to work as hard as they already do to rid their bodies of pollutants.
Fresh, Raw, or cooked organic meats.
It is both aesthetically pleasant and nutritionally dense to consume meat that is fresh, clean, and of excellent quality.
According to new research, fish oil, which is high in omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids and has been linked to tumor inhibition as well as immune system strengthening, maybe more quickly absorbed by a dog’s body than its close cousin, flaxseed oil. Fish oil is high in omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids and has been linked to tumor inhibition as well as immune system strengthening.
This vitamin, which is well-known and widely used for its antioxidant properties, can be taken in pill form and is very easy to take in small doses. In order to neutralize free radicals, which are produced naturally as a result of normal cell activity, antioxidants must be present. As an additional precautionary measure, whenever omega-3 supplements are utilized, antioxidants must also be included in the supplementation.
Carbohydrate-dense vegetables such as broccoli and dark-green, leafy greens such as spinach are healthy for dogs of any age, but they are especially useful to those who are suffering from cancer. On the subject of humans, research conducted by the National Institutes of Health and the American Institute for Cancer Research has discovered that eating a diet high in cruciferous vegetables – such as broccoli and cauliflower, but also cabbage and watercress, among other vegetables – may lower the risk of developing lung, stomach, and colorectal cancer.
According to the American Cancer Society, broccoli, in particular, includes a high concentration of phytochemicals that stimulate the production of anti-cancer enzymes, which may help to prevent cancer. Also important for maintaining healthy bowel function is the fiber found in vegetables, which is necessary for overall health and well-being. Some dogs may prefer vegetables that have been pureed and blended into their diet, whilst others may prefer vegetables that have been lightly steamed or lightly cooked, depending on their temperament.
As a digestive aid for dogs, they are regularly advised by holistic practitioners, especially when a dog is undergoing the process of transitioning to a new diet.
Alternatively, it is possible that tiny amounts, such as one clove of garlic every day, maybe suggested instead. According to National Cancer Institute experts, garlic and its organic allyl sulfur components can operate as potent inhibitors of the cancer-causing process, based on the data they have identified.
According to Lisa Barber, DVM, assistant professor at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, it has been reported that this oil can aid in the attainment of remission in individuals suffering from epitheliotropic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, which is a particularly difficult type of lymphoma to treat. “This is a very difficult type of lymphoma to treat,” she says.
Consider looking into pre-formulated raw diets from companies such as Primal Pet Foods and Steve’s Real Food if your veterinarian has recommended that your pet consume a raw diet for health reasons. As a result of their pre-portioned frozen products, they are simple to store and portion out for meal preparation. Note: The costs connected with any of these feeding programs are not inconsequential in comparison. In comparison, the suggested retail price (which is subject to markup) for Hill’s Prescription Diet n/d for the same size animal is $1.50 – $2 each day, or $45 – $60 per month for a 20-pound dog. It is quite difficult to estimate the cost of a home-prepared diet because it is highly dependent on the size of the dog, the type of meat used, and the number of supplements included in the diet. What To Feed A Dog With Cancer The ideal food for dogs with cancer is as unique as the dogs themselves. Many veterinarians, on the other hand, follow a set of broad guidelines.
One of the most critical aims of feeding a cancer-stricken dog, according to Sara Ochoa, DVM of Whitehouse Veterinary Hospital in Whitehouse, Texas, is to keep the dog’s body weight stable. To avoid this, pet owners should consult a veterinarian, oncologist, or another specialist before making major dietary changes.
“One of the biggest mistakes business owners make is switching up their meals frequently,” Dr. Ochoa says. “This can cause diarrhea and vomiting,” the doctor warns. The researchers stated, “This is not something we want to see happen to our cancer patients.”
This does not, however, indicate a lack of variety. She advocates mixing and matching foods to give canines a variety of flavors, especially if they are receiving chemotherapy. “
Because their taste buds differ from ours, providing a diverse range of foods without developing food aversion is a critical notion,” Dr. Ochoa notes. It is not suggested that you put your dog on a diet unless a veterinarian has prescribed it.
To avoid gastrointestinal problems in dogs, Dr. Ochoa recommends feeding them different flavors of the same type of food.
Cancer-Resistant Dog Foods
Doctor Osborne suggests a diet high in easy-to-digest fats and proteins such as chicken, turkey, pig, fish, and eggs for dogs who have been diagnosed with cancer and do not have any other dietary or health problems. She recommends that pet parents look for these nutrients in store-bought dog foods–Primal is her go-to brand–or make homemade meals using these ingredients, as Osborne does, to give their dogs the best nutrition possible.
Beef is a typical foodstuff to avoid, according to Osborne, because it is difficult to digest and should be avoided at all costs.
If you are preparing meals for your dogs, Dr. Christman urges you to make sure that any poultry or pork, fish, or organ meats such as liver are properly cooked to ensure that bacteria on the inside as well as the outside of the meat are eliminated. Maintaining your dog’s present weight is also important, so keep that in mind when making changes.
It is said by the host that “you are not looking for skinny cuts.” Specifically, “you’re looking for cuts that have fat on them,” Dr. Osborne explains. If you’re looking for vegetables, look for cruciferous ones.” When it comes to protein, broccoli is almost as good as a dish of steak. Furthermore, several cruciferous vegetables, such as cauliflower and turnips, are cancer-fighting food sources.
Keep in mind, too, that dogs have a keen sense of smell, which should be considered. For dogs that are losing their appetite, Dr. Osborne suggests that you delicately season their food with dog-safe spices such as cumin, coriander, turmeric, and ginger in the same way that you would season your meal to revive their interest. A tiny bit of pepperoni or sausage can also be added to the food to entice a dog to consume more of the meal.
Nutritional Supplements for Cancer-Affected
Dogs It is also possible to use supplements to help ensure that your dog with cancer has a well-balanced diet, which is especially crucial if the dog’s parent makes his or her food.
Her explanation: “CBD oils have recently gained popularity as a treatment for cancer as well as for appetite suppression.” Consider discussing CBD with your veterinarian to ensure that it will not conflict with any other therapies your pet is already experiencing for his or her health problems. The effects of CBD on cancer patients have so far only been the subject of a small number of studies, which are still being done. “
Dr. Christman recommends a variety of supplements, including probiotics, EPA, vitamin B complex, amino acids, and iron.
The fact that both cancer and chemotherapy can result in anemia suggests that delivering an iron supplement to cancer and other chronic disease patients may be effective in the battle against anemia. In his subsequent remarks, he states that B vitamins are essential for the healthy functioning of the immune system and the digestive tract.
Amino acids are the primary building blocks of proteins, which are important for the development of muscle and other bodily components.
Additional studies have proven the presence of anti-cancer qualities as well as a powerful antioxidant combination that can aid in the mitigation of cellular damage in a variety of different body systems when consumed in large quantities.
A Dog’s Favorite Superfood
It is as different as the practices of veterinarians in terms of the human meals they propose for their patients. Natural cancer-fighting foods such as organic, high-protein, and cruciferous vegetables are typically included in cancer-fighting food lists because of their anti-cancer properties. The following are a some of the most well-known:
☐ Organ Meat
☐ Distilled water
Foods to Avoid
Again, there is no single diet that is appropriate for all cancer-stricken dogs. Based on the dog’s history, any other conditions the pet may be suffering from, as well as the stage and type of cancer, dietary suggestions are made for him or her.
Grains, on the other hand, should be avoided as a general rule, or foods containing as few grains as possible should be chosen instead.
The carbohydrate metabolism is the one that suffers the most amount of metabolic disturbance during pregnancy.
Cancer cells use an anaerobic glycolysis pathway to break down glucose from carbohydrates, resulting in the production of lactate as a byproduct of the process. Following that, the dog’s body must expend energy to convert the lactate into a form that can be utilized. What was the outcome of the experiment? In contrast to the tumor, which derives energy from carbohydrates, the dog suffers a large loss of energy.”
Grain granules are a typical filler in commercial dog foods because they are low in cost. You should make sure that the first ingredient listed on the label is protein and that any grains are put at the end of the list of ingredients if you must purchase one to feed your cancer-stricken dog.
Veterinarians, on the other hand, caution that a high-protein diet will not be beneficial to all cancer-stricken dogs in all cases. Some dogs, particularly those with cancer or other medical conditions such as kidney illness, Dr. Christman warns, may suffer negative consequences from a high-protein diet, which he describes as “adverse consequences.” Pet owners should consult with their veterinarians to determine whether or not a high-protein food is acceptable for their dog’s nutritional requirements.
Causes Of Weight Loss In Cancer-Afflicted Dogs
It is believed that a multitude of causes contributes to the significant weight loss that is common in cancer-stricken dogs, including the following:
Direct effects of the tumor: Some tumors, depending on where they are located in the mouth, throat, or digestive tract, make it difficult to chew or swallow, while others make digestion of food more challenging. The presence of tumors in the digestive tract can lead to additional weight loss, which can be exacerbated by vomiting, diarrhea, or decreased absorption of nutrients from the gut, which are all connected with weight loss.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy medications have been shown to impair the senses of smell and taste, resulting in a diminished desire for food. Some people may have nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea as a result of taking them. There are some instances in which dogs can develop an aversion to specific foods. Even if they have recovered from their illness, they may come to associate a certain type of food with being unwell and refuse to eat it even after they have recovered from their illness.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation has an effect not just on the tumor, but also on the normal tissue surrounding the tumor, and this is known as collateral damage. Radiation to the head or neck might, in certain situations, cause inappropriate salivation, which can make eating and swallowing more difficult. The inflammation of the mouth, tongue, and esophagus are only a few of the side effects of this condition. Radiation to the chest or belly can have the same effect on the esophagus, stomach, and intestinal tract as radiation to the head or neck.
Changes In Metabolism: Cancer can interfere with the body’s metabolic processes, according to the National Cancer Institute. Cancer cells prefer to get their energy from simple carbs like glucose rather than from complex carbohydrates like fructose. Because cancer cells use a different metabolic pathway than normal cells, the body must expend far more calories than it would otherwise to digest the breakdown products created by the cancer cells. Additionally, cancer cells can use amino acids for energy, which might have an impact on the body’s protein balance, according to the American Cancer Society.
Body’s Reaction To Cancer: When the body responds to cancer, it may produce substances that are poisonous to the cancer cells. In addition to possibly affecting hunger, these chemicals may also have the ability to affect fat burning and muscle loss.
How to Increase Food Consumption in Cancer Dogs
It is possible to select the best appropriate diet for a cancer-stricken dog, but this is only half of the battle against the disease. We also need to be certain that the dog will eat the food we provide. We can make an effort to increase the palatability of food by implementing the following strategies:
☐ Increasing The Moisture: You could want to explore switching to a portion of canned food or adding water to the dry kibble you’re already giving your dog if he prefers items that are moister in texture. (Please bear in mind that some dogs prefer dry kibble over wet kibble.)
☐ Increasing The Aroma: It is possible to assist in enhancing the flavor and fragrance of canned meals by bringing them up to body temperature. To avoid hot spots when heating it in the microwave, be extremely careful to fully mix it once it has finished heating. You should only cook the dish until it reaches body temperature (about 100° F), and not any hotter. Especially if your dog has an intolerance to certain foods, it may be advisable not to make the meal smell more appetizing for them.
☐ Assuring Freshness: It is recommended to offer multiple small meals throughout the day to ensure that the food is fresh. For commodities that are stored in cans, this is especially true.
☐ Trying A Novel Food: Food that has never been offered to them before, or food that is placed in a different position than where they are used to eating, may encourage some dogs to consume it.
☐ Addition of Flavorings To The Food: Canines are particularly drawn to a combination of sweetness and salt in their food. It is possible to add them to your dog’s diet in small amounts if necessary, according to your doctor’s recommendations. Artificial sweeteners should not be used since they can be harmful to dogs’ digestive systems.
☐ Preventing Medication-Food Interactions: When using prescription medications, it is best not to take them immediately before or immediately after a meal. It is much better not to take pills just before or immediately after eating. Some medications, on the other hand, must be administered with food to avoid stomach upset. You will need to experiment with your dog in order to figure out which strategy is the most beneficial.
☐ Making Eating Easy: Make certain that the food dishes are in an easily accessible position. You may need to set up more bowls around the house. Take care to ensure that your dog has easy access to the food supply. If your dog is compelled to wear an Elizabethan collar, make sure to take it off during mealtime and keep a close check on him.
☐ Dodging feeding if the dog is nauseated: The practice of hand feeding your dog is permissible to encourage her to swallow more food. When a dog (or a person) is sick, the thought of eating is the furthest thing from his or her mind. If your dog appears to be nauseated, do not try to coax her into eating anything else (drools at the sight of food, turns away, spits out food). As a result of this, it is possible to acquire food aversions in the future. Please call your veterinarian if you suspect your dog is suffering nausea. Your veterinarian may be able to prescribe medication to help alleviate the issue.
☐ Administering Appetite Stimulants: Different medications can be used to increase the appetite of dogs in different ways. In part due to their ineffectiveness and short duration of action, they are usually kept for usage as a last resort.